There are specific playing instructions for each of those games on this site as well as a full explanation of Texas Holdem. Let’s look at the basics of Texas Holdem here first.
Know the values of the most critical hands in poker.
Play begins with the normal 52 card deck at a table of 2 to 10 players. High cards are drawn for the dealer button, meaning the player that will act as the dealer. From this person, cards will be dealt to the immediate left and continue clockwise around the table. To begin, everyone is dealt two cards face down.
There is a round of betting before the flop and then three cards are dealt as the flop. After another round of betting, a single turn card is dealt. There is another round of betting before a single river card is dealt. After a last round of betting all remaining players will show all their cards in what is called the showdown.
These five cards are known as community cards which any player can use. Combined with your own two hole cards, you will have seven cards to use to make up your final hand. The object of the game is to make the best five card hand using these seven cards.
The two players to the left of the dealer must pay the small and big blind, respectively. After each hand the dealer button is passed clockwise around the table, and the next two players pay the blinds. The small blind is paid by the player immediately to the left of the dealer.
The amount of the small blind is usually one-forth the amount of the big bet but it varies by limit and game type. For example, a $2/4 Holdem game usually requires a small blind of $1. The big blind is paid by the player to the immediate left of the small blind. The amount of the big blind is usually one-half of the amount of the big bet.
For example, a $2/4 Hold’em game would usually require a big blind of $2. Before the flop, the blinds get dealt their cards first but act last. In order for other players to enter the hand, they must at least call the big blind. After the flop is dealt, the small blind is always first to act.
There are three main types of Texas Hold’em games: limit, pot-limit, and no-limit. Limit Hold’em has a set betting structure, where one bets the size of the big blind preflop and after the flop, while betting twice the amount of the big blind after the turn and river.
In Pot-limit Hold’em one can, at any time, place a bet up to the size of the pot. In No-limit Hold’em, one can bet as much as they have at any time.
Each player is dealt two facedown cards before the flop. The person to the immediate left of the big blind acts first, and can either call the big blind, raise the big blind, or fold.
In a Limit Hold’em game, you can only raise double the amount of the big blind, while in other forms of Hold’em you can raise various amounts. After each player acts, play is continued in a clockwise motion around the table.
After preflop action is done the dealer will discard the top card on the deck, otherwise called the burn card, and turn the next three cards face up in the middle of the table, known as community cards. Every player still in the hand can use these three cards.
Play starts with the person in the small blind position, and continues clockwise until the button is last to act. If no one has bet or raised, a player is given the right to check, or pass the option to the next player. If players check around the table, the next card is dealt.
If someone bets, a player must call the size of the bet, raise at least double the bet, or fold their hand. In a limit game the amount of betting and raising is limited to the amount of the big blind. In a pot-limit game, betting is limited to the size of the pot, while in a no-limit game players can bet any amount
The turn is the forth card dealt on the table. Before this card is dealt, the top card of the deck is burned, or discarded, to prevent cheating. After the card is dealt, action is repeated in a same manner to the flop.
In a Limit Hold’em game; the size of the bet, which equaled the big blind preflop, is now doubled. For example, in a $2/4 game, the size of the bets and raises on the turn are now $4. It is the same on the river.
The river is the fifth card dealt on the table. As with the turn, a card is burned before this fifth card is dealt. After play is completed, action moves to the showdown.
After action on the river is completed, those players still in the hand will move on to the showdown. In the showdown, the remaining players will show their hole cards and, using the five community cards in the middle of the table, will make the best possible five card hand.
If action is checked through on the river, the player to the left of the dealer will show first and action will continue around the table. If play gets to showdown and two or more players show the same exact hand, the pot will be split evenly amongst these players.